High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)

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High Speed Downlink Packet Access is a 3.5G [G stands for generation] technology. HSDPA, short for High Speed Downlink Package Access is a new mobile telephony protocol, which allows to have high data speed transmission and large amounts of capacity. It will provide download speed on a mobile phone same as an Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line [ADSL]. HSDPA can archive data transmission Speed of 8-10 Mbit/s. For future improvement, HSDPA provides up to 42Mbit/s data transmission speed.



High Speed Downlink Packet Access technology is based on Universal Mobile Telecommunications System [UMTS] standard that enhances the capabilities of 3g by enabling higher data transfer rates. Since HSDPA is using High Speed Downlink Shared Channel, it has two weak points; variable spreading factor and fast power control. Therefore, HSDPA implementations includes Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO), Hybrid Automatic Request (HARQ), fast cell search, Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC), and advanced receiver design.

        Image:HSDPA_Share.jpg              Image:HSDPA_Structure.jpg

Multiple-Input Multiple-Output

This technology is using more than one antenna to send and receive multiple data streams over the same channel simultaneously in wireless devices therefore it gives long ranges and high throughputs in network. This is based on 802.11n wireless transmission standard and it can reach more than 300 feet and still send and receive data at 30mbps.

Adaptive Modulation and Coding

Adaptive Modulation and Coding provides the flexibility to match the modulation coding scheme to the regular channel condition for each user. Therefore, the power of the transmitted signal treats as constant over a frame interval, and the format of modulation and coding is automatically matched to the current received signal or channel conditions.

Hybrid Automatic Request

After first transmission in HSDPA, there are 10% to 20% of error rate. Therefore, the Hybrid Automatic Request (HARQ) mechanism is helped to reduce the delay and increase the efficiency of retransmitting data. Therefore even if a error packet is received, it will be combine with the retransmissions, to have error-free packet.

Packet Scheduling

In HSDPA, the packet scheduling is located in the medium access layer, MAC-hs. The MAC-hs is located in the Node-B, therefore packet scheduling decisions are almost instantaneously executed. With large AMC dynamic range with the HSDPA, the channel allocation is conducted to the most popular packet scheduling method; radio conditions. With this scheduler, the order is determined by the highest instantaneous relative channel quality.

Uses & Comparison

There are many products that are already using HSDPA technology. Mainly HSDPA is being used in mobile telecommunication system because of it has a high speed of data transmission. As many users know, famous Apple iPhone 3G and BlackBerry Storm are also using HSDPA technology to have better and fast data transfer. With a high speed, user can do many activities on device, such as music download, mobile video games, video telephony, movie downloads, and broadcast television.

The HSDPA has remarkable data transfer speed even compare to other exist technologies, such as W-CDMA; known as 3g as well, EDGE, GPRS, and Global Systems for Mobile Communications (GSM).

           Image:HSDPA_Speed.gif         Image:HSDPA_usage.gif

See Also

1.Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

2.WLAN Standard 802.11n


4. High Speed Uplink Packet Access

5. Global Systems for Mobile Communications (GSM)

6. Wi-Fi


1. HSDPA on Wikipedia

2. Wireless technology

3. What is HSDPA?


5. Agilent Technologies


7. Advanced HSDPA Technology For 3G Wireless Platform

External Links

1. Official HSDPA WebSite

2. mobilecomms-technology

3. HSDPA vs. WiMAX

--Hanj2 21:18, 12 April 2009 (EDT) Junsub Han 0468304

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